Helen Sharman is a British scientist and astronaut. She became the first Briton in space in 1991 when she launched on a Soyuz spacecraft to spend 8 days orbiting the Earth, most of that time on the Mir Space Station.
Following her space flight, Helen became a science communicator and keynote speaker, winning prizes for radio and television programmes and giving inspirational talks around the world on teamwork and motivation.
She sometimes meets science teachers who were themselves inspired to study Science after hearing her speak. Some people have changed their whole lives after listening to Helen.
After responding to a radio advertisement, Helen was one of two Britons selected for astronaut training out of almost 13,000 other applicants. The programme, named Project Juno, was a co-operative arrangement between the Soviet Union and a British company set up to manage the Mission.
Helen Sharman was subjected to a rigourous selection process that focussed on psychological and medical assessments, technical understanding and practical skills as well as the ability to learn a foreign language.
This was followed by 18 months of intensive flight training in Star City near Moscow, where learning to speak Russian and getting to know the cosmonauts' families were part of her new way of life, along with preparing for weightlessness, learning how to cope inside a cramped space capsule and how to deal with a landing in the sea.
During the launch, Helen carried out her share of spacecraft operations. Once in space, her tasks included medical, agricultural and chemical experiments, materials' testing, Earth observation work and operating an amateur radio link with British school students. Fitted in with this were media interviews and a telephone conversation with President Gorbachev.
Coping with risk was a daily activity and teamwork was a vital element in the success of the Mission. Helen Sharman was not quite 28 years old when she became an astronaut. She was (as of 2014) the fifth youngest person in space. Although Helen has never returned to space, like every other astronaut she would love to be up there again, experiencing the weightlessness, the camaraderie and the views.
Helen Sharman was born in Sheffield and received her BSc in Chemistry at Sheffield University. She worked in Research & Development as an engineer for GEC before moving to Mars Confectionery, where she became a Research Technologist working on chocolate and ice cream.
More recently, Helen has managed a research group at the National Physical Laboratory in London. She works full-time at the Department of Chemistry, Imperial College University of London. For her accomplishments in Project Juno, Helen received a star on the Sheffield Walk of Fame. Helen is also an active member of the Association of Space Explorers.